Buildings are responsible for around 40% of the antopogenic greenhouse gas emissions in the western world. And while the technology to mitigate these GHG emissions is available, economic as well as convenience considerations resulted so far in very few implementations. This is where our research is focused: provide the technological innovations in a manner that are both beneficial for the environment but also increase the well-being of the occupants.
The above research directions are all implemented and tested in real life conditions (in “Living Labs"):
The HiLo lightweight living unit is being constructed as part of the NEST project at EMPA. Two research groups of the Institute of Technology in Architecture, ETH Zurich, are responsible for the project; the Assistant Professorship of Building Structure (BLOCK Research Group / BRG) and the Assistant Professorship of Architecture and Sustainable Building Technologies (SuAT). The two teams develop their ideas with foreign partners, with Supermanoeuvre from Sydney and Zwarts & Jansma Architects (ZJA) from Amsterdam. The two-story penthouse is designed as energy-plus building and should be completed according to plan in the summer of 2015. The adaptive facade and the occupant centered control are only two of the total five innovations that are being displayed in this living lab.
The ETH House of Natural Resouces (HoNR) is an office building for the Laboratory of Hydraulics, Hydrology and Glaciology from ETH Zürich and will serve as a showcase building of a sustainable and reliable timber construction for students and researchers, among others. The building has multiple innovative aspects, such as the use of beech for structural elements, the implementation of a permanent sensor network, and the performance of in situ tests at different construction stages. We will implement the adaptive solar facade as well as the occupant centered control approach here.
Retrofit measures are an effective means to improve both the heating energy and carbon footprint of a building. On one hand, reducing the losses through the envelope reduces the energy consumption. On the other hand, updating the heating from a fossil-fuel based system to an emission-free one bears the potential for CO2-emission free operation. This project explores how simple measurements can provide useful insight into the energetic behavior of a building and allow to derive models to predict the effect of the retrofit measures.Z. Nagy, D. Rossi, Ch. Hersberger, S.D. Irigoyen, C. Miller, and A. Schlueter, Balancing Envelope and Heating System Parameters for Zero Emissions Retrofit using Building Sensor Data, Applied Energy, in Press
[...] it would be interesting in surgery if you could swallow the surgeon. You put the mechanical surgeon inside the blood vessel and it goes into the heart and looks around.
[...] How do we make such a tiny mechanism? I leave that to you.
- Richard Feynman, There's plenty of room at the bottom, 1959.
We are developing a modular robotic system that can be swallowed and will assemble inside the G.I. Tract for therapeutic and diagnostic procedures. ETH Zürich is one of four European universities participating in this project, led by Paolo Dario at Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna.
My research involves the investigation of the self-assembly of the ARES robot inside the stomach. Using a specific magnet configuration on the connection face, assembly success rates of up to 90% are possible.
This project aims at developing magnetic microrobotics for ophtalmic surgery.
I am involved in developing the magnetic model for assembled-MEMS microrobots. The model is validated through FEM simulations and experiments, and captures the characteristics of complex 3-D structures. It allows us, for the first time, to consider full 6-DOF control of untethered devices.
The Swiss French Television (TSR, Nouvo, Dec.5, 2008) reported on both projects:
A German (SF1, Einstein, Feb.5, 2009) version is also available.
In this project, we consider world's first really untethered microrobots that are driven by oscillating magnetic fields. The oscillations are converted into mechanical energy and rectified using a spring-mass impact system with friction, leading to stick-slip motion.
I model this system using non-smooth multi-body dynamics and can explain several unintuitive behaviors that are experimentally not explicable because of the nature of the devices. The microrobots are fabricated and characterized experimentally by Dominic Frutiger.
H. Zhao, Z. Nagy, and A. Schlueter, A service-oriented approach to multi-disciplinary collaboration using building information modeling, under Review
G.P. Lydon, J. Hofer, B. Svetozarevic, Z. Nagy, and A. Schlueter, The energy concept of a net plus energy building using multifunctional elements, under Review
P. Block, A. Schlueter, D. Veenendaal, J. Bakker, M. Begle, J. Hofer, P. Jayathissa, G. Lydon, I. Maxwell, T. Mendez Echenagucia, Z. Nagy, D. Pigram, B. Svetozarevic, R. Torsing ,J. Verbeek, and A. Willmann, NEST HiLo: Research and innovation unit for lightweight construction and building energy systems integration,, Under Review
P. Jayathissa, M. Jansen, N. Heeren, Z. Nagy, and A. Schlueter, Life Cycle Assessment of Dynamic Building Integrated Photovoltaics, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Z. Nagy, F.Y. Yong, and A. Schlueter, Occupant Centered Lighting Control: A user study on balancing comfort, acceptance, and energy consumption, Energy & Buildings
Z. Nagy, B. Svetozarevic, P. Jayathissa, M. Begle, J. Hofer, G. Lydon, A. Willmann, and A. Schlueter, The Adaptive Solar Facade: From Concept to Prototypes, Frontiers of Architectural Research
J. Hofer, A. Groenewolt, P. Jayathissa, Z. Nagy, and A. Schlueter, Parametric analysis and systems design of dynamic photovoltaic shading modules, Energy Science and Engineering
A. Groenewolt, J. Bakker, J. Hofer, Z. Nagy, and A. Schlueter, Methods for modelling, analysis and optimisation of bendable photovoltaic modules on irregularly curved surfaces, Under Review
L. Yang, Z. Nagy, Ph. Goffin, and A. Schlueter, Reinforcement Learning for Optimal Control of Low Exergy Buildings, Applied Energy, Vol. 156, pp.577-586, October 2015
Z. Nagy, F.Y. Yong (co-first), M. Frei, and A. Schlueter, Occupant Centered Lighting Control for Comfort and Energy Efficient Building Operation, Energy & Buildings, Vol. 94, pp. 100-108, May 2015
T. Kristensen, M. Ohlson, P. Bolstad, and Z. Nagy, Spatial variability of organic layer thickness and carbon stocks in mature boreal forests stands - Implications and suggestions for sampling designs, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Vol 187. No 8, pp. 1-19
S. Miyashita, Ch. Audretsch, Z. Nagy, R.M. Füchslin, and R. Pfeifer, Mechanical catalysis on the centimetre scale, J. R. Soc. Interface, Vol. 12, No. 104, March 2015
D. Rossi, Z. Nagy, and A. Schlueter, Soft Robotics for Architects, Soft Robotics, 2014, Vol.1, No. 2, pp. 147-153
C. Miller, Z. Nagy, and A. Schlueter, Automated Daily Pattern Filtering of Measured Building Performance Data, Automation in Construction, vol.49, Part A. pp.1-17, January 2015
D. Rossi, Z. Nagy, and A. Schlueter, Adaptive Distributed Robotics for Environmental Performance, Occupant Comfort and Architectural Expression, Int'l. Journal of Architectural Computing, vol.10, No.3, pp. 341-360, September 2012
S. Miyashita, K. Nakajima, Z. Nagy, and R. Pfeiffer, Self-organized Translational Wheeling Motion in Stochastic Self-assembling Modules, Artificial Life Early Access (2013), pp. 1-17
Z. Nagy, R.I. Leine, D.R. Frutiger, C.Glocker, and B. J. Nelson, Modeling the Motion of Microrobots on Surfaces Using Non-Smooth Multibody Dynamics, IEEE Transactions on Robotics, Vol.28, No.5, pp.1058-1068, October 2012
Z. Nagy and B. J. Nelson, Lagrangian Modeling of the Magnetization and the Magnetic Torque on Assembled Soft-Magnetic MEMS Devices for Fast Computation and Analysis, IEEE Transactions on Robotics, Vol.28, No.4, pp.787-797, August 2012
S. Miyashita, Z. Nagy, B. J. Nelson, and R. Pfeifer, The Influence of Shape on Parallel Self-Assembly, Entropy 2009, 11(4), pp. 643-666
Z. Nagy, K. Harada, M. Fluckiger, E. Susilo, I. K. Kaliakatsos, A. Menciassi, E. Hawkes, J. J. Abbott, P. Dario, and B. J. Nelson, Assembling Reconfigurable Endoluminal Surgical Systems: Opportunities and Challenges, International Journal of Biomechatronics and Biomedical Robotics, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp 3-16, 2009
M. Probst, M. Flueckiger, S. Pane, O. Ergeneman, Z. Nagy and B.J. Nelson, Manufacturing of a Hybrid Acoustic Transmitter Using an Advanced Microassembly System, IEEE. Trans. Indust. Electronics, Vol.56, Issue 7, pp. 2657-2666
M. Flueckiger, Z. Nagy, M. Probst, O. Ergeneman, S. Pane, and B.J. Nelson, A Microfabricated and Microassembled Wireless Resonator, Sensors & Actuators A: Physical, Vol. 154, No.1, pp.109-116, 2009
Z. Nagy, D. Rossi, Ch. Hersberger, S.D. Irigoyen, C. Miller, and A. Schlueter, Balancing Envelope and Heating System Parameters for Zero Emissions Retrofit using Building Sensor Data, Applied Energy, Vol. 131, October, 2014
F. Beyeler, S. Muntwyler, Z. Nagy, C. Graetzel, M. Moser and B.J. Nelson, Design and calibration of a MEMS sensor for measuring the force and torque acting on a magnetic microrobot, J. Micromech. Microeng. (18) 025004 (7pp), 2008
J. J. Abbott, Z. Nagy, F. Beyeler, B. J. Nelson, Robotics in the Small, Part I: Microrobotics, IEEE Robotics & Automation Magazine, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2007, pp. 92-103
Y. Peng, A.M. Rysanek, Z. Nagy, and A. Schlueter, Case Study Review: Prediction Techniques in Intelligent HVAC Control Systems, 9th Int. Conf. on Indoor Air Quality Ventilation & Energy Conservation In Buildings (IAQVEC), Seoul, Rep. Korea, 2016
A. Willmann, S. Cisar, Z. Nagy, and A. Schlueter, Energy and the City: Investigating spatial and architectural consequences of a shift in energy systems on district level., Sustainable Built Environment (SBE16), Zurich, Switzerland
Z. Nagy, F.Y. Yong, and A. Schlueter, What should a building be controlled for? Ask the occupants!, Sustainable Built Environment (SBE16), Zurich, Switzerland
J. Hofer, Z. Nagy, and A. Schlueter, Electrical design and layout optimization of flexible thin-film photovoltaic modules, EU PVSEC, 2016
B. Svetozarevic, Z. Nagy, J. Hofer, D. Jacob, M. Begle, E. Chatzi and A. Schlueter, SoRo-Track: A Two-Axis Soft Robotic Platform for Solar Tracking and Building-Integrated Photovoltaic Applications, in Proc. IEEE Int. Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2016, Stockholm, Sweden
P. Jayathissa, Z. Nagy, N. Offeddu, and A. Schlueter, Numerical simulation of energy performance, and construction of the adaptive solar facade., Advanced Building Skins, 2015
J. Hofer, A. Groenewolt, P. Jayathissa, Z. Nagy, and A. Schlueter, Parametric analysis and systems design of dynamic photovoltaic shading modules, EU PVSEC, 2015
H. Zhao, Z. Nagy, D. Thomas, and A. Schlueter, Service-Oriented Architecture For Data Exchange Between A Building Information Model And A Building Energy Model, CISBAT, Lausanne, Switzerland, 2015
J. Hofer, B. Svetozarevic Z. Nagy, and A. Schlueter, DC building networks and local storage for BIPV integration, CISBAT, Lausanne, Switzerland, 2015
M. Frei, Z. Nagy, and A. Schlueter, Towards Data-Driven Building Retrofit , CISBAT, Lausanne, Switzerland, 2015
G. Lydon, A. Willmann, J. Hofer, Z. Nagy, and A. Schlueter, Balancing operational and embodied emissions for the energy concept of an experimental research and living unit, CISBAT, Lausanne, Switzerland, 2015
C. Miller, Z. Nagy, and A. Schlueter, A seed dataset for a public, temporal data repository for energy informatics research on commercial building performance, 3rd Conf. on Future Energy Business & Energy Informatics, Rotterdam, NED 2014
B. Svetozarevic, Z. Nagy, D. Rossi, and A. Schlueter, Experimental Characterization of a 2-DOF Soft Robotic Platform for Architectural Applications, Robotics: Science and Systems, Workshop on Advances on Soft Robotics, Berkley, CA, USA, 2014
Z. Nagy, M. Hazas, M. Frei, D. Rossi, and A. Schlueter, Illuminating Adaptive Comfort: Dynamic Lighting for the Active Occupant, in Proc. 8th Windsor Conference: Counting the Cost of Comfort in a Changing World, April 2014, London, UK
C. Miller, Z. Nagy, and A. Schlueter et. al, BIM-Extracted EnergyPlus Model Calibration for Retrofit Analysis of a Historically Listed Building, Building Simulation Conference, ASHRAE/IBPSA-USA, Atlanta, GA, USA, 2014
D. Rossi, Z. Nagy, and A. Schlueter, Simulation Framework for Design of Adaptive Solar Facade Systems, CISBAT, Lausanne, Switzerland, 2013
D. Rossi, Z. Nagy, and A. Schlueter, Soft Pneumatics for Sustainable Architecture, Int'l. Workshop on Soft Robotics and Morphological Computation, Ascona, Switzerland, 2013
D. Rossi, Z. Nagy, and A. Schlueter, Adaptive Distributed Architectural Systems, ACADIA - Synthetic Digital Ecologies, San Francisco, Ca, USA, October 2012
Z. Nagy, D. Rossi and A. Schlueter, Sustainable architecture and human comfort through adaptive distributed systems, IEEE Pervasive Computing and Communications Workshop (PERCOM), March, 2012, Lugano, Switzerland
Z. Nagy and B. J. Nelson, On the Feasibility of Magnetic Self-Assembly for Swallowable Modular Robots, Workshop on MesoScale Robotics for Medical Interventions at the IEEE Int. Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2010, Anchorage, AK, USA
Z. Nagy, D. Frutiger, R.I. Leine, C. Glocker, and B. J. Nelson, Modeling and analysis of wireless resonant magnetic microactuators, in Proc. IEEE Int. Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2010, Anchorage, AK, USA
Z. Nagy, S. Miyashita, S. Muntwyler, A.K. Cherukuri, J.J. Abbott, R. Pfeiffer, and B.J. Nelson, Morphology Detection for Magnetically Self-Assembled Modular Robots, in Proc. IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), 2009, St. Louis, MO, USA
Z. Nagy, M. Flueckiger, O. Ergeneman, S. Pane, M. Probst and B.J. Nelson, A Wireless Acoustic Emitter for Passive Localization in Liquids, in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2009, Kobe, Japan
Z. Nagy, R. Oung, J. J. Abbott, and B. J. Nelson, Experimental Investigation of Magnetic Self-Assembly for Swallowable Modular Robots, in Proc. IEEE/RJS International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), 2008, Nice, France
Z. Nagy, O. Ergeneman, J. J. Abbott, M. Hutter, A. M. Hirt, and B. J. Nelson, Modeling Assembled-MEMS Microrobots for Wireless Magnetic Control, in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2008, Pasadena, CA, USA
F. Beyeler, S. Muntwyler, Z. Nagy, M. Moser, and B.J. Nelson, A Multi-Axis MEMS Force-Torque Sensor for Measuring the Load on a Microrobot Actuated by Magnetic Fields, in Proc. IEEE/RJS International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), 2007, St. Diego, CA, USA
Z. Nagy, J. J. Abbott, and B. J. Nelson, The Magnetic Self-Aligning Hermaphroditic Connector: A Scalable Approach for Modular Microrobots, in Proc. IEEE/ASME Int. Conf. Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics, 2007, Zurich, Switzerland
Z. Nagy, A. Sadowski, Systems and Methods for Data Management, U.S. Provisional Patent Application No.: 61/286,835
A. Schlueter, Z. Nagy, D. Rossi, Energie sparen mit lernfähiger Fassade, Bulletin SEV/VSE, August 2014
Z. Nagy, F. Beyeler, Die Mikrowelt entdecken: Die Arbeit mit Mikroobjekten, Bulletin SEV/VSE, November 2009
Student member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).
|Fall'06, '07, '08||Introduction to Robotics and Mechatronics||Supervision of weekly laboratory sessions and exam grading||60-100|
|Fall'07, '08, '09||Theory of Robotics and Mechatronics||Exam grading||40-90|
|Spring'08, Fall'09, '10||Microrobotics||Prepared and gave lectures and assignments on magnetism||20-40|
|Fall'13||Low-Ex + Architecture Seminar||Prepared and gave lecture on Photovoltaics||10-20|
|MIT, Cambridge, USA||10/2009-11/2009||Visiting Graduate Student with Prof. Daniela Rus (CSAIL)|
|ETH Zürich||2006-2011||Dr. Sc. ETH - Advisor: Prof. Brad Nelson
PhD Thesis: Modeling and analysis of the magnetization, torque and dynamics of untethered soft-magnetic microrobots
|ETH Zürich||2001-2006||Dipl.-Ing (M.S.) Mechanical Engineering - Advisors: Dr. Jake Abbott and Prof. Brad Nelson
MSc Thesis: Numerical approaches to 3D magnetic MEMS
|Sensirion AG||07/2005-10/2005||Internship (Micro Flow Sensors)|
|DTU Copenhagen||02/2005-06/2005||Academic Exchange Semester (ERASMUS Scholarship)|
|Mathematical Modeling||MATLAB/Simulink, Mathematica|
|Numerical Analysis (FEM)||ANSYS, COMSOL Multiphysics (FEMLAB), Maxwell-3D|
|Computer Aided Design (CAD)||Unigraphics NX, SolidWorks,|
|Programming and OS||C/C++, PHP/MySQL, Windows, Linux|
|Documentation and Design||MS Office, Latex, Adobe Illustrator & InDesign|
The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious. It is the source of all true art and all science. He to whom this emotion is a stranger, who can no longer pause to wonder and stand rapt in awe, is as good as dead: his eyes are closed.
- Albert Einstein
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